Suicidal ideation, risk factors, and communication with parents

Autorid: Mark L , Samm A , Tooding L-M , Sisask M
Väljaandja/tellija: Crisis
Märksõnad: suitsiidid, Leedu, suitsetamine, alkohol, füüsiline vägivald, vägivald, vaimne vägivald, lapsevanemad, suhted, noored
Välja antud: 2012
Tüüp: Teaduslik artikkel/kogumik
Viide: Mark L, Samm A, Tooding L-M, Sisask M, et al. Suicidal Ideation, Risk Factors, and Communication With Parents. Crisis 2012;1-10.
Alamvaldkonnad:Vaimne tervis
Kirjeldus: Background: Suicide is a leading cause of death among youth. In the year 2002, Lithuania had the 2nd, Luxembourg the 5th, and Estonia the 9th highest suicide rates among 15- to 19-year-olds across 90 countries worldwide. Suicidal ideation is a significant precursor to suicide.
Aims: To report on the prevalence of and associations between suicidal ideation, smoking, alcohol consumption, physical fighting, bullying, and communication with parents among 15-year-old schoolchildren.
Methods: The survey analyzes data from the 2005/2006 HBSC study from Estonia, Lithuania, and Luxembourg (N = 4,954). The risk factors were calculated through multinomial logistic regression analyses.
Results: The overall prevalence of suicidal ideation in the preceding year was 17%. Suicidal thoughts were associated with communication difficulties with parents (OR from 2.0 to 4.6) and other risk factors, especially multiple risks (OR for 4-5 concurrent risk factors from 4.5 to 13.6). Parent-child communication had a significant mediating effect by decreasing the odds for suicidality and multiple risks.
Limitations: The prevalence estimates were obtained by self-reports. The causal relationships need further investigation.
Conclusion: The risk factors studied, particularly multiple risks, were associated with higher odds for suicidal ideation. Good parent-child communication is a significant resource for decreasing suicidal ideation among adolescents.