Socio-economic changes and the health of the population: Estonia in 1993-2003

Autorid: Laidmäe V-I , Hansson L , Rüütel E , Leppik L , Tulva T , Lausvee E
Väljaandja/tellija: The Internet Journal of Health
Märksõnad: sotsiaalmajanduslikud näitajad, hinnangud, tervislik seisund, sotsiaalprobleemid, stress, naised, mehed, demograafilised näitajad
Välja antud: 2008
Tüüp: Teaduslik artikkel/kogumik
Viide: Laidmäe V-I, Hansson L, Rüütel E, et al. Socio-economic changes and the health of the population: Estonia in 1993-2003. The Internet Journal of Health 2008;8(1):xx-xx.
Alamvaldkonnad:Sotsiaalmajanduslikud näitajad
Demograafilised näitajad
Rahvastiku tervise ajatrendid
Kirjeldus: In Estonia like in other East-European countries the transition from centrally planned economy to market economy caused changes in socio-economic life. On the one hand, reforms revealed negative phenomena, which primarily constituted new sources of stress. The greatest problems mentioned were unemployment, the danger of losing job, poverty, and the emergence of new types of risk behaviour - an increase in the use of narcotics and the spread of AIDS. Due to the closed nature of the society many of those aspects were entirely unfamiliar to Estonians in the 1990s. However, also positive changes should be pointed out, such as a wider spectre of choices and opportunities. Unfortunately, very often the price paid for success was an increase in the stress level. Social problems were reflected in the daily life of people, revealing economic hardships creating tensions in family relationships but also loneliness, increasing the consumption of alcohol, causing difficulties in combining work and family life, which in turn was accompanied by higher stress levels.
Closer scrutiny of the proportions of people suffering from stress reveals that there were more women displaying stress-related symptoms whereas the amount of men suffering from stress increased more rapidly in the period from 1993 to 2003. The study is based on the materials of two population surveys "Estonia 1993" and "Estonia 2003" carried out by the family sociologists of Tallinn University.