Correlates of pathological gambling in Estonia: Personality, emotional states, self-esteem,cognitive ability and decision-making strategies

Autorid: Kaare P-R
Väljaandja/tellija: Tartu Ülikool: Psühholoogia instituut
Märksõnad: sõltuvushäired, vaimne tervis
Välja antud: 2008
Tüüp: Magistritöö
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Alamvaldkonnad:Vaimne tervis
Kirjeldus: Due to changes in gambling accessibility during the last decade gambling has become more widespread in Estonia and the prevalence of pathological gambling has sharply increased. As a result, there is a public interest to understand better individual characteristics of pathological gamblers. Previous studies have shown that a wide range of social, economic, and individual factors (e.g. personality traits and emotional states) predict the likelihood of becoming a pathological gambler. In present study, pathological gamblers¿ personality traits, cognitive ability, self-esteem, and self-reported symptoms of emotional disorders were compared to the respective characteristics in a non-gambling control group matched for age, gender and educational level. In addition, using Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) decision making strategies of Pathological gamblers and Controls were compared. It was found that compared to Controls, Pathological gamblers had higher scores on Neuroticism (especially on Immoderation) and all symptoms of emotional problems and lower scores on Cognitive ability and Conscientiousness. In IGT, gamblers chose significantly more often from a deck A (disadvantageous deck with frequent but moderate losses) but there was no difference in choosing from deck B (disadvantageous deck with infrequent and large losses). In logistic regression model, the likelihood of being Pathological gambler was best predicted by high Immoderation and low Cognitive ability.