Estonian health system: analysis of the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats

Autorid: Atun R , Ohov E , Arro T , Reinap M , Rebane K , Habicht J
Väljaandja/tellija: WHO, Sotsiaalministeerium
Märksõnad: tervishoiukorraldus, tervishoid, demograafilised näitajad, HIV, AIDS, tuberkuloos, tervisepoliitika, riskikäitumine, terviseteenused, finantseerimine, tervisekaitse, tervisedendus, võrdsus, ebavõrdsus, rahulolu, esmatasandi tervishoid, hooldusravi, haiglaravi, ennetamine
Välja antud: 2005
Tüüp: Uuring/analüüs
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Atun2005.pdf982.3 kBAdobe PDF
Alamvaldkonnad:Tervisepoliitika rakendamine ja hindamine
Terviseteenuste korraldus, kättesaadavus ja kvaliteet
Demograafilised näitajad
Kirjeldus: The report summarises the findings of a strategic analysis of the Estonian Health System, including analysis of the strengths and weaknesses (SW) as well as an exploration of the opportunities and threats (OT) presented by the changing context. The SWOT analysis is used to identify areas for investment using EU structural funds and financing from other sources, such as EU Public Health funds and national initiatives.
The traditional view of the relationship between economic growth and health emphasized the impact of economic growth on improved health. But more recently, strong empirical evidence from both developing and developed countries has demonstrated a two-way relationship: that economic growth improves health but improved health also significantly enhances economic productivity and growth. No society has seen sustained economic progress when it has neglected investment in its people¿s education and health. In 2001, the World Health Organization Commission on Macroeconomics and Health made a strong economic case for investing in health and identified this as a necessary step to achieve sustained productivity and economic growth.
In the European context, as part of its Lisbon Agenda, the European Union has set itself the objective to be the leading knowledge-based economy. To achieve this objective Europe will need to develop and sustain human capital, which in turn requires individuals and governments to invest in health. This is particularly true for new Member States such as Estonia, which face a number of significant challenges related to health, and which will need to substantially invest in health if they are to achieve sustained increase in productivity and economic growth.