Pealkiri: 

Social determinants of health behaviours: Finbalt Health Monitor 1998-2008

Autorid: Prättälä R , Helakorpi S , Sipilä N , Sippola R , Sääksjärvi K
Väljaandja/tellija: National Institute for Health and Welfare
Märksõnad: Soome, Läti, Leedu, tervisekäitumine, täisealised, sotsiaalmajanduslikud näitajad, suitsetamine, alkohol, toitumine, füüsiline aktiivsus, kehakaal, tervishoid, passiivne suitsetamine, liiklusohutus, liikluskäitumine
Välja antud: 2011
Tüüp: Raport
Link: http://www.thl.fi/thl-client/pdfs/f316c417-cc1d-48e6-a2e2-7389fde28630
Alamvaldkonnad:Sotsiaalmajanduslikud näitajad
Tervisenäitajate siseriiklik ja rahvusvaheline võrdlus
Rahvastiku tervise ajatrendid
Toitumine
Füüsiline aktiivsus
Sõltuvusainete tarvitamine
Riskikäitumine
Terviseteenuste korraldus, kättesaadavus ja kvaliteet
Kirjeldus: Contents

1 Introduction ................................................................................................... 11
1.1 Social, political and economic background ................................................. 12
1.2 Public health ............................................................................................... 13
Smoking ............................................................................................................ 15
Alcohol consumption ......................................................................................... 15
Unhealthy food habits, physical inactivity and overweight ................................. 16
Public health care systems ............................................................................... 17
1.3 Studies related to Finbalt Health Monitor .................................................... 17
2 Material and methods .................................................................................... 20
2.1 Data collection ............................................................................................ 20
2.2 Subjects ...................................................................................................... 22
2.3 Study variables ........................................................................................... 22
Background variables ....................................................................................... 22
Variables of health behaviours .......................................................................... 22
2.4 Analyses of the data ................................................................................... 24
2.5 Statistical methods ...................................................................................... 24
3 Smoking ......................................................................................................... 26
3.1 Introduction ................................................................................................. 26
3.2 Methods ...................................................................................................... 26
3.3 Daily smoking .............................................................................................. 26
3.4 Passive smoking at home ............................................................................ 31
3.5 Discussion ................................................................................................... 36
Daily smoking ..................................................................................................... 36
Passive smoking at home ................................................................................... 37
4 Alcohol consumption ....................................................................................... 40
4.1 Introduction .................................................................................................. 40
4.2 Methods ....................................................................................................... 40
4.3 Differences across gender and country ....................................................... 41
4.4 Differences across educational groups ........................................................ 43
4.5 Discussion .................................................................................................... 45
5 Food habits ..................................................................................................... 48
5.1 Introduction .................................................................................................. 48
5.2 Consumption of fresh vegetables ................................................................. 49
5.3 Fat used on bread ....................................................................................... 53
5.4 Fat used in cooking ...................................................................................... 58
5.5 Consumption of meat and meat products ..................................................... 63
5.6 Discussion ..................................................................................................... 71
THL ¿ Report 25/2011 10 Social Determinants of
Health Behaviours
6 Leisure-time physical activity and commuting physical activity ......................... 76
6.1 Introduction ................................................................................................... 76
6.2 Methods ........................................................................................................ 76
6.3 Gender differences in physical activity .......................................................... 77
6.4 Educational trends in physical activity ........................................................... 79
6.5 The associations between place of residence and physical activity ............... 81
6.6 Discussion ...................................................................................................... 82
7 Overweight and obesity ..................................................................................... 85
7.1 Introduction ..................................................................................................... 85
7.2 Measurement of overweight and obesity ......................................................... 85
7.3 Overweight ...................................................................................................... 85
7.4 Obesity ............................................................................................................ 88
7.5 Discussion ....................................................................................................... 90
8 Traffic safety ...................................................................................................... 93
8.1 Introduction ..................................................................................................... 93
8.2 Use of reflector when walking in the dark ........................................................ 93
8.3 Use of seat belt in the front seat ..................................................................... 95
8.4 Use of seat belt in the back seat ..................................................................... 97
8.5 Driving under the influence of alcohol ............................................................. 98
8.6 Discussion ..................................................................................................... 101
9 Good self-assessed health .............................................................................. 104
9.1 Introduction ................................................................................................... 104
9.2 Results .......................................................................................................... 104
9.3 Discussion ..................................................................................................... 109
10 Summary and conclusions .............................................................................. 112
10.1 Trends and gender differences ................................................................... 112
10.2 Socio-economic differences ........................................................................ 113
10.3 The social context of trends and variation in health behaviours .................. 113
10.4 Public health implications of the main findings ............................................. 114
10.5 Uses of the Finbalt Health Monitor data ....................................................... 114
10.6 Conclusions ................................................................................................. 115