Pealkiri: 

Factors influencing quality of life of people living with HIV in Estonia: a cross-sectional survey

Autorid: Rüütel K , Pisarev H , Loit H-M , Uusküla A
Väljaandja/tellija: Journal of the International AIDS Society
Märksõnad: HIV, AIDS, elukvaliteet
Välja antud: 2009
Tüüp: Teaduslik artikkel/kogumik
Viide: Rüütel K, Pisarev H, Loit Helle-Mai, et al. Factors influencing quality of life of people living with HIV in Estonia: a cross-sectional survey. Journal of the International AIDS Society 2009;12:13.
Link: http://www.jiasociety.org/content/12/1/13
Alamvaldkonnad:Nakkushaigused
Kirjeldus: Background: Identification of factors that determine quality of life is important in order to better tailor health and social care services, and thereby improve the functioning and well being of people living with HIV. The estimated number of people living with HIV in eastern Europe and central Asia is 1.6 million. Little is known about the quality of life of people living with HIV in this region. The main purpose of the present study was to identify the factors influencing quality of life in a sample of HIV-infected persons in Estonia.
Methods: A convenient sample of 451 patients attending three infectious diseases clinics for routine HIV clinical care visits was recruited for a cross-sectional survey. The World Health Organization's Quality of Life HIV instrument was used to measure quality of life of the participants and medical data was abstracted from clinical records.
Results: Good overall quality of life was reported by 42.6% (95% CI: 38.0-47.2%) of the study participants (53% men, 60% self-identify as injecting drug users, 82% <30 years of age, 30% with CD4+ T cell count <300 cells/mm3, and 22% on antiretroviral treatment). We identified the following variables as independent predictors of good overall quality of life: being currently employed or studying (AOR: 2.27, 95% CI: 1.18-4.38); and the absence of HIV-related symptoms (AOR: 2.31, 95% CI: 1.24-4.29).
Conclusion: A comprehensive and competent care system, including health care providers and social workers, is required for an effective response. In addition, social interventions should seek to enhance the economic and employment opportunities for people living with HIV in the region.